All You Need to Know About American Football

American football is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score more points than the other team by moving the ball down the field and into the end zone.

The Field

The American football field is 100 yards (91 meters) long and 53 1/3 yards (48.8 meters) wide. The end zones are 10 yards (9 meters) long. The field is divided into 100-yard increments by white lines called yard lines.
[Image of American football field]

The Ball

The American football is a prolate spheroid, measuring 11 inches (28 centimeters) long and 7 inches (18 centimeters) wide. The ball is made of leather and is filled with air.

The Players

The two teams in American football are the offense and the defense. The offense is responsible for moving the ball down the field and scoring points. The defense is responsible for stopping the offense from scoring points.

The Offense

The offense has four downs to move the ball 10 yards (9 meters). If the offense fails to move the ball 10 yards on four downs, the ball is turned over to the defense.

The offense can move the ball by running or passing. Running is when the quarterback hands the ball off to a running back, who then tries to run the ball down the field. Passing is when the quarterback throws the ball to a receiver, who then tries to catch the ball.

The Defense

The defense tries to stop the offense from moving the ball down the field. The defense can use a variety of tactics to stop the offense, including tackling, blocking, and interceptions.


The offense can score points by running or passing the ball into the end zone for a touchdown. A touchdown is worth six points.

The offense can also score points by kicking the ball through the uprights for a field goal. A field goal is worth three points.

The offense can also score points by kicking the ball through the uprights after a touchdown for an extra point. An extra point is worth one point.

The Game

An American football game is divided into four quarters, each of which is 15 minutes long. The game is played in two halves, with each team playing offense and defense in each half.

The team with the most points at the end of the game wins.


American football is a fast-paced and exciting sport with a rich history. With a little research, you can learn the basics of the game and start enjoying it as much as millions of other fans around the world.

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